Capt. Cornelius Hanleiter - Company Commander

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Among the earlier residents of Atlanta who made his mark was C. E. Hanleiter. He cast his lot with the young but vigorous town just as it was emerging from the village of Marthasville in 1847 to become Atlanta. His first venture was the publication of a paper (which he had removed from Madison, Ga.), called "The Southern Miscellany." Previous to this time, however, he had been connected with various publications as publisher, editor, printer — in all of which positions he demonstrated a high order of ability. In 1853 he published "The Eeveille," a weekly.

In 1857 he established the "National American," one of the most persistent advocates of manufacturing industries, the construction of the Georgia Air Line and the Georgia Western railways, and other internal improvements. In 1860 Colonel Hanleiter organized a company and established the Franklin Publishing Company, which was disposed of while he was in the Confederate service — and for which he never received a dollar. Early in the 1870's he, in connection with Colonel B. C. Yancey, published "The Plantation."

In 1885 he helped organize the Gate City Guard, and was elected a lieutenant of the company. While Atlanta was in its swaddling clothes Colonel Hanleiter was one of its most progressive, energetic and well known citizens. In 1856 he was a member of city council and introduced many good measures for the city's welfare. He was a Justice of the Inferior Court, and was one of the most earnest advocates of the establishment of a house of refuge for the poor. About 1870 he was superintendent of the Orphans' Home at Bethesda. near Savannah, for which he raised $8,000, and saved it from a forced sale. When in Macon in 1837-40 he was foreman of Fire Company No. 1, and Vice President of the Macon Benevolent Association.

He was twice married; first to Miss Mary Ann Ford, of Connecticut, and, who died in 1848, leaving four children; his second wife was Miss Ann Elizabeth Shaw, Atlanta, to whom he was united in September, 1850, and who died in 1893, leaving eight children. Ten of his children attained to maturity: Josephine, deceased, wife of Henry Gullatt; William A., Ida, unmarried; Katharine Anna, wife of J. S. Peterson; Bertha E., unmarried; Victoria, Mrs. Stowers ; Cora, Mrs. Catchings; George S., Methodist preacher; James M. P.. Savannah merchant, and Elizabeth, Clerk of Public Schools of Atlanta.

Source: "Pioneer citizens' history of Atlanta, 1833-1902. Pub. by the Pioneer citizens' society of Atlanta."

Born in 6/14/1815, died 4/19/1897, aged 82 years.
Atlanta Constitution, 20 April 1897.

C. R. Hanleiter was born 14 June 1815, in Savannah, Georgia, the fourth and youngest child of John Jacob Hanleiter, Jr. and Elizabeth McFarland. His father, John Jacob Hanleiter, Jr., died shortly after his birth. His mother, Elizabeth McFarland of Cowpens, S. C., left him a true orphan at the age of eight. He was taken in by a maternal aunt, Mrs. Jane Winkler.

After three years living with the Winkler family, he was apprenticed to William Robertson, editor and publisher of the Savannah Georgian to learn the trade of printer. After his apprenticeship ended in 1834, Hanleiter moved to Augusta where he continued his craft in the publishing house of the Constitutionalist. Still later, he moved to Macon where he worked with Simri Rose and Isaac G. Seymour to publish the Georgia Messenger, later he published The News Carrier; still later the Southern Post and The Southern Ladies Book.

In 1840, Cornelius Hanleiter had moved to Forsyth, where he published the Southern Botanico-Medical Journal. About two years later, he moved to Madison, Georgia and established the Southern Miscellany. By 1847, he moved his operation to Atlanta where, in 1852, he sold his print shop and equipment to a group of investors that later began publishing the Atlanta Intelligencer. With the sale of his newspaper, Hanleiter was able to invest in newer printing equipment; he founded Franklin Publishing Company
in Atlanta.

As a businessman, Cornelius Hanleiter recognized that the health of his community directly effected the health of his business. He was very active in community affairs in Macon, Savannah, and Atlanta. He helped organize
the Gate City Guard, a militia group in 1850s Atlanta. He also served on the Atlanta City Council during the 1856-1857 term. He played a major role in organizing the county poor farm. He is also given credit for publishing
the full code of city ordinances. For a short time he also served as judge of the Inferior Court of Fulton County.

Although he opposed secession, with the coming of the Civil War, he served as lieutenant in several Georgia units. His primary duties involved constructing defensive installations around the city of Savannah, Ga. At the end of the war he had risen to the rank of Colonel.

As a result of the war, Hanleiter was financially ruined; he had lost his publishing firm. Although he attempted to reestablish himself, he never attained the success he had experienced before the war. His most significant contributions included publication of the Atlanta City Directories from 1870, 1871, and 1872. For a brief time, he worked in Washington, D. C. in the Government Printing Office as a proof reader.

Haneleiter was married twice. His first wife Mary Ann Ford of New Haven, Conn., he married on 22 February 1837. They had six children, four of them survived to maturity: William Robertson Hanleiter; Jospehine; Mary Ida; and
Catherine Ann. Mary Ann died in 1848. In September 1850, he married Ann Elizabeth Shaw. Together they had eight children, six of them surviving: Bertha; George Shaw Hanleiter; Victorene (possibly Victoria); Cora; James
McPherson Hanleiter; and Elizabeth. Ann Elizabeth Shaw died in 1876.

Cornelius Redding Hanleiter died in the home of his daughter, Catherine Ann, in April of 1897. Both he and his second wife are buried at Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta, Ga.

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